Analyse Nanostring data in Napari-SpatialData#

This tutorial shows how to load and analyse Nanostring data with the Napari-SpatialData plugin.

Import packages and data#

There are two options to install napari-spatialdata:

(1) Run pip install napari-spatialdata


(2) Clone this repo and run pip install -e .

%matplotlib inline
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from napari_spatialdata import Interactive
from spatialdata import SpatialData
import squidpy as sq
import scanpy as sc

plt.rcParams['figure.figsize'] = (20, 20)

Next, we will download the Nanostring dataset (cosmx_io) for analysis. Uncomment the lines below to download the dataset.

# !mkdir tutorial_data
# !mkdir tutorial_data/nanostring_data
# !wget -P tutorial_data/nanostring_data
# !tar -xzf tutorial_data/nanostring_data/ -C tutorial_data/nanostring_data/.
--2023-05-03 21:11:58--
Resolving (
Connecting to (||:443... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 2210531049 (2,1G) [application/zip]
Saving to: ‘tutorial_data/nanostring_data/’        100%[===================>]   2,06G  10,9MB/s    in 3m 21s  

2023-05-03 21:15:19 (10,5 MB/s) - ‘tutorial_data/nanostring_data/’ saved [2210531049/2210531049]

We will load the dataset from the filepath and create a spatialdata.SpatialData object. We’ll use this object with the class Interactive to visualise this dataset in Napari.

sdata ="tutorial_data/nanostring_data/data.zarr")

Visualise in napari#

To make it easier to analyse our data, we will filter the SpatialData object by the coordinate system “1”.

sdata = sdata.filter_by_coordinate_system("1")
adata = sdata.table

Then, we make the variable names unique using the method anndata.var_names_make_unique. We obtain the mitochondrial genes using their names prefixed with “mt-”. We calculate the quality control metrics on the anndata.AnnData using scanpy.pp.calculate_qc_metrics.

adata.var["mt"] = adata.var_names.str.startswith("mt-")
sc.pp.calculate_qc_metrics(adata, qc_vars=["mt"], inplace=True)

The scikit-misc package could be required for highly variable genes identification.

# !pip install scikit-misc

Annotate the highly variable genes based on the count data by using scanpy.pp.highly_variable_genes with flavor=”seurat_v3”. Normalize counts per cell using scanpy.pp.normalize_total.

Logarithmize, do principal component analysis, compute a neighborhood graph of the observations using scanpy.pp.log1p, scanpy.pp.pca and scanpy.pp.neighbors respectively.

Use to embed the neighborhood graph of the data and cluster the cells into subgroups employing

adata.layers["counts"] = adata.X.copy()
sc.pp.highly_variable_genes(adata, flavor="seurat_v3", n_top_genes=4000)
sc.pp.normalize_total(adata, inplace=True)

Next, we will use the Scatter Widget offered by Napari SpatialData to visualise the UMAP coordinates.

First, we instantiate the Interactive class with our spatialdata.SpatialData object, and view it in Napari.

interactive = Interactive(sdata)
(-0.5, 2939.5, 1665.5, -0.5)

We select the coordinate system “1” and load the elements “1_image” and “1_labels” into the viewer.

(-0.5, 2939.5, 1665.5, -0.5)

Select “1_labels” in the list of layers. Then, we open the “Scatter” Widget by using the menu bar and going to Plugins > napari-spatialdata > Scatter. This loads the AnnData object associated with that layer into the “Scatter” Widget.

(-0.5, 2939.5, 1665.5, -0.5)

Then, as previously, we can now pick specific x-axis, y-axis and color values to visualise in the scatterplot. In the example below, we’re visualising the UMAP (Uniform Manifold Approximation and Projection) coordinates of two different axes and coloring it with clusters created using the Leiden algorithm.

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After plotting, as mentioned in the previous sections, it is possible to interactively select clusters and export it to AnnData.

In the example below, we used the cursor to select the right top cluster (value of 10). We can export it into AnnData by clicking on the “Export” button.

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We can now view the selected points with the View widget. Close the Scatter Widget and from the menu bar, go to Plugins > napari-spatialdata > View. You should be able to observe “1_labels_LASSO_SELECTED” under “Observations:”. This is selected points we exported in the previous step.

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Double clicking on “1_labels_LASSO_SELECTED” loads it as a layer in the Napari viewer.

(-0.5, 2939.5, 1857.5, -0.5)